Femininity: pink 34%, red 16%, white 13%, ….
Semanticus F. Alpaerts suggests in De Denkbeeldige Ruimte (1980) that the I Ching or Book of Changes, originating from mythical antiquity, is the first semantic lexicon of mankind. In this Chinese classic, unquestionably one of the most influential books in the world’s literature, 64 chapters are coded with a double triplet line code called hexagrams.
Alpaerts used the Wilhelm (1971) translation to show a possible connection between the code lines from the I Ching and the codon encoding in the Semantic Colour Space. The open (- -) and closed (—) lines from the I Ching correspond with respectively the 0’s and 1’s from his semantic coding system. This way he could associate the concepts described in the 64 chapters of the I Ching, with the eight primary colours and their combinations (8×8) from his classification. Later, his hypothesis was confirmed by a comparative research he conducted on the similarities between his keyword-colour classifications, in which the concepts from the I Ching form an important part, and the empirical data from sociologist Eva Heller’s word-to-colour association study (Alpaerts, 1993).
The following list includes I Ching chapter titles with links to pages in the DSD (between brackets: if the title is not in the DSD, a synonym), chapter numbers, digital coding (hexagram), and colour combinations.
|chapter title||chapters||hexagram||colour combination|
|difficulty at the beginning||3||010:001||GR:BK|
|youthful folly (inexperienced, foolish)||4||100:010||BR:GR|
|the taming power of the small (newborn)||9||110:111||WH:YL|
|standstill (stagnation, blocking)||12||111:000||YL:BL|
|fellowship with men (together, community)||13||111:101||YL:RD|
|great possessing (imperium)||14||101:111||RD:YL|
|rage (rancor, attack)||16||001:000||BK:BL|
|biting through (stick-it-out)||21||101:001||RD:BK|
|splitting apart (slivering)||23||100:000||BR:BL|
|the turning point||24||000:001||BL:BK|
|the taming power of the great (steering)||26||100:111||BR:YL|
|the corners of the mouth, providing nourishment (feeding, grooming, open mouth)||27||100:001||BR:BK|
|great exceeding (overloaded)||28||011:110||PL:WH|
|the clinging, fire (flame, attach)||30||101:101||RD:RD|
|influence, wooing (courtship)||31||011:100||PL:BR|
|the power of the great (powerful)||34||001:111||BK:YL|
|darkening of the Light (hiding)||36||000:101||BL:RD|
|increase, beneficial, useful (growth, functional)||42||110:001||WH:BK|
|gathering together, massing (assemble)||45||011:000||PL:BL|
|oppression, exhaustion (depletion, sucked out)||47||011:010||PL:GR|
|the cauldron (terrine)||50||101:110||RD:WH|
|the arousing, shock, thunder||51||001:001||BK:BK|
|keeping still, mountain (still, not moving)||52||100:100||BR:BR|
|development, gradual progress||53||110:100||WH:BR|
|the marrying maiden (concubine)||54||001:011||BK:PL|
|the wanderer, travelling (wanderlust)||56||101:100||RD:BR|
|the penetrating, wind||57||110:110||WH:WH|
|the joyous, lake (gay)||58||011:011||PL:PL|
|dispersion, dissolution, (scattering)||59||110:010||WH:GR|
|limitation, moderation (delimitation, restriction)||60||010:011||GR:PL|
|preponderance of the small (unremarkable, incompetent)||62||001:100||BK:BR|
When leaning forward to kiss to a romantic partner, individuals tend to direct their kiss to the right more often than the left. When kissing friends and family, most people lean to the left. Studies were administered in countries with official languages in English (Italy, Canada), Hebrew (Israel), and Arabic (Palestine). They have consistently demonstrated this kissing asymmetry. As for why romantic couples tend to kiss to the right, the researchers think previous research into brain function might hold the answer. Couples entering into new romantic relationships show heightened activity on the left side of their brains, which might guide them to make more rightward kisses. Our brain is split in two: a left and a right hemisphere. Activity in one hemisphere often makes us move in the opposite direction. The emotional center is in the left hemisphere. The stronger your feelings, the more you will move to the right. (Sedgewick & Elias, 2016)
All countries: pink as the first choice, except Turkey, where this word is associated with red.
Jung et al. (2018)