‘Agressivity’ and colour in Germany

Agressivity: red 50%, black 10%, yellow 10%, …
Heller (1989)

‘Anger’ and colour in Germany

Anger: red 55%, black 15%, …
Heller (1989)

‘Forbidden’ and colour in Germany

Forbidden: red 43%, black 27%, purple 14%, …
Heller (1989)

The ‘Circle of Unity’
Saints and Falcons players and coaches came together at midfield Monday night in a pregame show of unity following the national anthem. Mike Triplett/ESPN

Fans arriving for the kickoff of Old Dominion University’s (ODU) football game against the University of Texas-San Antonio (UTSA) on September 24, 2016 were greeted with a curious sight. A few minutes before kickoff, fans witnessed ODU mingling in the stadium’s north end zone, and after a few minutes of discussion, players and coaches fanned out in a circle around the end zone, clasping hands with the individual on both sides of them. When the circle was complete, the players lifted their arms up over their heads in unison. The rationale for the gesture, termed the “Circle of Unity” (COU) were feelings of unease and discord about a series of violent incidents involving police and Black men in America. The COU became a symbol in which ODU football players (and sometimes their opponents) could express their displeasure with societal injustices while maintaining the team’s desire to create unity among the country. (O’Hallarn et al., 2021)